Roulette: European | What is European Roulette and How Do I Play It?

The original game was French Roulette. In the mid-19th century, gambling was banned in France, the game was taken to other parts of Europe and simplified. The Blanc brothers to move their operations to Monte Carlo, which was under the rule of Prince Charles III of Monaco. The brothers convinced the prince to establish a casino in Monaco, and European Roulette quickly became a symbol of sophistication and elegance in the gambling world.

Over the years, European Roulette spread across Europe and eventually reached the shores of the United States. However, when it arrived in America, casino operators added a double zero (00) pocket to the wheel, creating the American Roulette variant. As a result, the European version with just a single zero became known as European Roulette to distinguish it from its American counterpart and French Roulette which has additional rules.

How to play European roulette
How to Play European Roulette: Playing European roulette is straightforward. Here’s a step-by-step guide to get you started:

Place Your Bets: Before the wheel is spun, you have time to place your bets on the table layout. You can bet on individual numbers, groups of numbers, odd/even, red/black, and other combinations.

Spin the Wheel: Once all bets are placed, the croupier (casino dealer) spins the roulette wheel in one direction while sending the ball spinning in the opposite direction.

Wait for the Outcome: As the ball loses momentum, it will eventually land in one of the numbered pockets on the wheel. The winning number and color (red, black, or green) determine the winning bets.

Collect Your Winnings: If your bet matches the outcome, you will be paid according to the odds of the specific bet type. The croupier will then clear the table for the next round.

See live roulette offerings or if live games are not your thing try electronic table roulette.

Difference Between European Roulette and French Roulette: 

European roulette and French roulette share many similarities, but there is one key distinction that sets them apart. Both versions have the single-zero pocket, giving players better odds compared to American roulette with its double-zero wheel.

European roulette is very easy to learn. In short, you are betting on which number the ball will land on in the roulette wheel. Before the ball spins, you make your bets on the roulette table, where you can choose from numbers, sections and colours. Discover more about the different bet types, from famous bets like red or black, or higher risk, higher reward inside bets like a street. Decide how much you want to wager, and remember not to bet more than you can afford to lose.

French and European Wheels are the Same

There are 37 pockets in total
Pockets are numbered 1-36, plus 0
Numbers 1-36 are red and black, while 0 is green

So Why is European and French Roulette Different

The major difference is the specific betting rules in French roulette. In French roulette, you may encounter the “La Partage” and “En Prison” rules. The “La Partage” rule states that if you make an even-money bet (e.g., red/black) and the ball lands on the zero pocket, you get half of your bet back. The “En Prison” rule allows you to keep your even-money bet “in prison” for the next spin if the ball lands on zero. If your bet wins on the subsequent spin, you get your original wager back without any winnings.

Why European and French Roulette offer Better Odds and Payouts than American Roulette

One of the biggest differences between European, French roulette and American roulette is that European and French roulette only have one 0 pocket. In American roulette, there are 0 and 00 pockets which means that the house edge is slightly higher at 5.26%. European roulette’s house edge is a smaller 2.7%. The house edge is a percentage to show you how much more likely it is for the house, or casino, to win. American’s is higher as there 38 pockets the ball could land on vs 37 on the European wheel.

French Roulette Odds and Payouts

French Roulette Odds and Payouts

Bet Type Player Odds Payout
Straight (single number) 2.7% 35 to 1
Split (two numbers) 5.4% 17 to 1
Street (three numbers) 8.1% 11 to 1
Corner (four numbers) 10.8% 8 to 1
Column 32.4% 2 to 1
Dozen 32.4% 2 to 1
Red/Black 48.6% 1 to 1
Even/Odd 48.6% 1 to 1
Low/High 48.6% 1 to 1

European Roulette FAQ

1. What is European Roulette?

European Roulette is a casino game that originated in France in the 17th century. It features a roulette wheel with 37 numbered pockets, including the numbers 1 to 36 and a single zero (0). Players place bets on where they think the ball will land after the wheel is spun.

2. How is European Roulette different from American Roulette?

The main difference between European Roulette and American Roulette lies in the number of pockets on the wheel. While European Roulette has a single zero pocket, American Roulette has both a single zero and a double zero pocket. This difference gives the European version a slightly lower house edge, making it more favorable for players.

3. What are the types of bets in European Roulette?

There are various types of bets you can place in European Roulette, each offering different odds and payouts. Some common bets include:

Inside Bets:

Straight Bet: Betting on a single number, with the highest payout.

Split Bet: Betting on two adjacent numbers on the table.

Street Bet: Betting on a row of three numbers.

Corner Bet: Betting on a group of four numbers that form a square.

Outside Bets:

Red/Black: Betting on the ball landing on either a red or black number.

Odd/Even: Betting on the ball landing on an odd or even number.

Low/High: Betting on the ball landing on a low (1-18) or high (19-36) number.

Dozen Bet: Betting on the ball landing on one of three groups of twelve numbers.

4. What are the odds of winning in European Roulette?

The odds of winning in European Roulette depend on the type of bet you place. Bets with a higher probability, such as Red/Black or Odd/Even, have a payout of 1:1, meaning you double your bet if you win. On the other hand, Straight Bets have odds of 35:1, providing a substantial payout if your chosen number comes up.

5. Is there a winning strategy for European Roulette?

While European Roulette is a game of chance, some players use betting strategies to manage their bankroll and increase their odds slightly. Some popular strategies include the Martingale system, where you double your bet after each loss, and the D’Alembert system, where you increase or decrease your bet after wins or losses.

6. Can I play European Roulette online?

Yes, many online casinos offer European Roulette as part of their gaming options. Playing online allows you to enjoy the game from the comfort of your home or on the go, with the convenience of flexible betting options and access to various versions of the game.

7. Is European Roulette fair?

Yes, when you play European Roulette at a reputable and licensed casino, the game is fair and random. The outcome is determined by a certified Random Number Generator (RNG), ensuring that every spin of the wheel is independent and unbiased.

8. How do I manage my bankroll while playing European Roulette?

Managing your bankroll is crucial in any casino game. Set a budget for your playing session and stick to it. Avoid chasing losses and know when to stop. It’s essential to play responsibly and never bet more than you can afford to lose.

9. Are there any betting systems that guarantee a win in European Roulette?

No betting system can guarantee a win in European Roulette or any other casino game. While some strategies may improve your chances in the short term, the game’s outcome is ultimately based on luck.

10. Can I play European Roulette for free?

Many online casinos offer a free play or demo mode for European Roulette, allowing you to practice and familiarize yourself with the game before playing with real money.